Greater Sudbury, Ontario Real Estate & Community Overview
Greater Sudbury is the largest centre in northeastern Ontario, with 157,000 residents (2006), and about 95,000 in the urban core. Greater Sudbury was created in 2001 by amalgamating the cities and towns of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury, along with several nearby unincorporated geographic townships. The city's area also includes two First Nations reserves of Whitefish Lake and Wahnapitae.
Sudbury is known as the Nickel City because of its nickel and copper mines. The area is rich because of a massive prehistoric meteor impact creating the Sudbury Basin. Inco Limited is the largest producer of nickel in the western world and Falconbridge Ltd. produces both copper and nickel from the Sudbury Basin. Together, the local operations of the two companies provide the Sudbury Region with the largest integrated mining complex in the world.
Until about 1980, the city looked like a "Moonscape" back when the mining industry wasn't as kind to the environment as it is today. It was the result of sulfur dioxide emissions from the nickel smelters creating "acid rain" which adversely affected lake acidity and plantlife. Following the construction of the 1972 Superstack, which added significant anti-pollution "scrubbers" and lifted any remaining pollutants high into the jet stream and upper atmosphere, Sudbury undertook a massive land reclamation program spreading lime over affected soils, and planting over 8 million trees (to 2006), winning UN recognition for its efforts. Now, air pollution levels are much lower in Sudbury than in Toronto or Hamilton.
Sudbury is well-connected transportation-wise. It is on major rail routes across Canada for both passengers and freight, and is at the junction of Highway 69/400 (to/from Toronto) and Highway 17, the Trans-Canada Highway. The city has an important airport with scheduled flights to Toronto, regional communities, as well as wintertime charter flights to popular sun destinations.
Following a 1979 miner's strike, the city began to diversify its economy, attracting new employers and industries through the 1980s and 1990s. While mining remains the highest value industry, but Sudbury has grown into a centre of commerce, government, tourism and science and technology research. The city also has three post-secondary institutions, with both French and English programs.
Sudbury is one of the sunniest areas in Ontario. The Sudbury Region has more than 90 lakes within its boundaries and five provincial parks within 60 miles of the Sudbury Region. Camping is a very popular activity among Sudburians. The area's crystal-clear lakes and wide open spaces provide a year-round playground for swimming, boating and canoeing, hiking, fishing, golfing, cross-country skiing, snowmobiling and much more.
Sudbury is an urban centre that is the gateway to Ontario's North country. In addition to the provincial parks are major recreational areas along Lake Nipissing, the French River, Georgian Bay and on Manitoulin Island (not only the world's largest island in a lake, but Manitoulin has the world's largest lake on an island in lake, too!), which makes the protected 100 km North Channel a yachter's dream, with many pretty harbours and ports of call.
Sudbury has a number of strong linguistic groups, with a strong French community, and all government services are bilingual. Because of its diverse cultural roots, Sudbury loves to party. All year round, there are fairs and festivals to celebrate everything including the arts, garlic and blueberries.