Moving to Ontario, Provincial Description & Overview
The name "Ontario" comes from the Iroquois word "Kanadario" which means "sparkling water". Ontario
is bordered on the south by the Great Lakes and on the north by Hudson Bay, nestled between the provinces of Quebec and Manitoba (see Provincial Map), and has an area of over a million square kilometres. Over one-sixth of its terrain, 177,390 square kilometres, is covered by rivers and lakes.
The province's larger cities fall in three areas: (1) in the east is Ottawa, in the south are Toronto, Hamilton, Niagara Region, Kitchener, London, and Windsor, and (3) in the North are Sudbury, Sault Ste Marie and Thunder Bay (links indicate those with more info & details on this web site).
Ontario's native Iroquois and Algonquin Indians first encountered European explorers, fur traders and missionaries in the early 1600s. By 1774, the British ruled over southern Ontario, which was then part of the British colony of Quebec.
The colony was later divided and the Ontario region was renamed Upper Canada (it was higher up the St Lawrence River than Quebec or "Lower Canada"). When the Dominion of Canada was formed in 1867, it was renamed the province of Ontario.
With 14 million people, Ontario is today the country's most heavily populated province. Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's largest and most ethnically-diverse city. Toronto is also the country's leading producer of manufactured goods and headquarters of a large number of Canadian companies.
The "Golden Horseshoe," the area around the western tip of Lake Ontario that connects Toronto with Hamilton and Niagara Falls, is home to the bulk of Ontario's population. This area also include Oakvile & Burlington, and Mississauga & Brampton.
There is also the properous area along the western stretch of the Highway 401: Kitchener, London, and Windsor, nestled between Toronto and Detroit.
Ottawa, the national capital, has a million residents at the eastern end of Ontario, on the border with Quebec.
In the north, there are a number of key population centres strung along the Trans-Canada Highway and along the Great Lakes: Sudbury, key for nickle mining, Sault Ste Marie located at a major junction between Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Huron, and Thunder Bay at the western end of Lake Superior.
And in the busy Highway 400 corridor, connectig Toronto and Sudbury is the York Region and the Barrie-Muskoka cottage country and along Gerogian Bay.
Our Pick of Useful Links:
Ontario Communities and Neighbourhoods
Here are the major cities/regions in the province of Ontario. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
ON: These communities straddle Highway 401, two hours west of Toronto, and are a major industrial, telecom, and university centre
ON: Toronto, is the largest city in Canada with a total population of 4.3 million, and capital city of Ontario (we focus on the portion south of Eglinton)
ON: Mississauga to the west of Pearson Airport, is the 6th largest and fastest growing major city in Canada, and Brampton is to the north
ON: Scarborough lies east of the Don River, and is best know for the Rouge River parklands and the Toronto Zoo.
ON: These communities are around Lake Simcoe, along Georgian Bay and in the Muskoka tourism area
Here are some featured neighbourhoods in the province of Ontario. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
ON: Maryvale was part of the thriving Village of Ellesmere, and now lies south of Highway 401, with an industrial corridor to the east. Maryvale is named for a race horse farm located where the Maryvale Publc Schools is now located.
ON: Malton is the community that includes Pearson Airport, with residential areas north of the airport and industrial land to the south and west
ON: Scarborough Junction, around Kennedy Rd |and St Clair Ave E is actually named for an early railway junction and the community grew quickly after World War II.
ON: New Toronto is a beach community at the foot of Islington and Kipling Roads. The area's industrial lands are now gradually being converted to residential developments.
ON: Cooksville is the community most people associate with "Mississauga" (including Square One Shopping Centre, and the Sherway Gardens Mall) and served by two hopitals and two GO-Train stations