The name "Ontario" comes from the Iroquois word "Kanadario" which means "sparkling water". Ontario
is bordered on the south by the Great Lakes and on the north by Hudson Bay, nestled between the provinces of Quebec and Manitoba (see Provincial Map), and has an area of over a million square kilometres. Over one-sixth of its terrain, 177,390 square kilometres, is covered by rivers and lakes.
The province's larger cities fall in three areas: (1) in the east is Ottawa, in the south are Toronto, Hamilton, Niagara Region, Kitchener, London, and Windsor, and (3) in the North are Sudbury, Sault Ste Marie and Thunder Bay (links indicate those with more info & details on this web site).
Ontario's native Iroquois and Algonquin Indians first encountered European explorers, fur traders and missionaries in the early 1600s. By 1774, the British ruled over southern Ontario, which was then part of the British colony of Quebec.
The colony was later divided and the Ontario region was renamed Upper Canada (it was higher up the St Lawrence River than Quebec or "Lower Canada"). When the Dominion of Canada was formed in 1867, it was renamed the province of Ontario.
With 14 million people, Ontario is today the country's most heavily populated province. Toronto is Ontario's capital and Canada's largest and most ethnically-diverse city. Toronto is also the country's leading producer of manufactured goods and headquarters of a large number of Canadian companies.
The "Golden Horseshoe," the area around the western tip of Lake Ontario that connects Toronto with Hamilton and Niagara Falls, is home to the bulk of Ontario's population. This area also include Oakvile & Burlington, and Mississauga & Brampton.
There is also the properous area along the western stretch of the Highway 401: Kitchener, London, and Windsor, nestled between Toronto and Detroit.
Ottawa, the national capital, has a million residents at the eastern end of Ontario, on the border with Quebec.
In the north, there are a number of key population centres strung along the Trans-Canada Highway and along the Great Lakes: Sudbury, key for nickle mining, Sault Ste Marie located at a major junction between Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Huron, and Thunder Bay at the western end of Lake Superior.
And in the busy Highway 400 corridor, connectig Toronto and Sudbury is the York Region and the Barrie-Muskoka cottage country and along Gerogian Bay.
Our Pick of Useful Links:
Here are the major cities/regions in the province of Ontario. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
ON: The Niagara Region has populations on both the Canada |and US sides of the Niagara River, known for tourism, agriculture, and over 200 years of hidtory.
ON: Hamilton sits on a bay at the western end of Lake Ontario, astride the Niagara Escarpment.
ON: These neighbourhoods are in the west side of Toronto, west of the Humber River, form the lakeshore up past Pearson Airport
ON: Toronto, is the largest city in Canada with a total population of 4.3 million, and capital city of Ontario (we focus on the portion south of Eglinton)
ON: orth York, north of Eglinton is now amalgamated as part of the larger City of Toronto
Here are some featured neighbourhoods in the province of Ontario. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
ON: King City, midway between Toronto and Barrie, has lots of scenic countryside, featuring the Oak Ridges Moraine, farmland, and most notably the Holland Marsh
ON: Britannia lies on the Ottawa River, across from Aylmer, and this neighbourhood lies west of Britannia Park. It was originally a cottage community for Ottawa residents, with lots of bungalows.
ON: These communities lie west of Jane between Dundas and Bloor. The exclusive Baby Point community sits on high ground overlooking the Humber. The Old Mill neighbourhood overlooks the historical ruins
ON: Brampton is north of Pearson Airport with great highway access to the 407, the 427, and 410, with Brampton to the west and Bramalea to the east. Brampton is now the seat of the Peel Region
ON: Orleans is one of Ottawa's fastest growing suburban communities, started as a bedroom community in Gloucester just outside the NCC Greenbelt.