New Brunswick Provincial Overview
New Brunswick's Location
Bordering on Nova Scotia, Quebec and the American state of Maine, New Brunswick is almost rectangular in shape, about 322 kilometres tall and 242 kilometres wide. It is the most westerly of the Maritime Provinces, that border on the Atlantic Ocean (see Provincial Map).
The province borders on the Bay of Fundy, which funnels the tides in an unusual
manner, creating the world's most extreme tides, measuring over 14 metres (48
feet). The province is also home to the famous Reversing Falls, that change
direction with the tides! The province uses Atlantic Time, as do the other Maritime Provinces (except Newfoundland). There are ferry connections between Saint John and southern Nova Scotia.
New Brunwswick has three mid-sized cities, Saint John, Fredericton, and Moncton.
New Brunswick's History
New Brunswick was known to European fishermen in the late 1400s. At that time, the region was inhabited by the Malecite and Micmac Indians. The first French settlers, known as Acadians, arrived in 1604.
The Acadians, endured wars and feuds between the British and French before many of them were shipped, following a British victory in war, to the French colony of Louisiana, where they are known today as "Cajuns."
Their land was then granted to British colonists, but the French population remained a steady force in the region. New Brunswick joined the other provinces in 1867 to form the Dominion of Canada. New Brunswick's Economy
New Brunswick's People.
oday, New Brunswick still has the highest percentage of Francophones outside
Quebec, making up 250,000 of its 738,000 residents. When the Canadian Constitution was "repatriated," New Brunswick was the only province that enshrined its official bilingualism in the document.
The coasts and river valleys are the most populated areas. Saint John is the largest city, followed by Moncton and Fredericton, the provincial capital.