Newfoundland Description & Overview
Newfoundland & Labrador's Location
Newfoundland (the correct name is now "Newfoundland & Labrador") is Canada's most easterly province, and is in the northeast corner of North America, facing the North Atlantic (see Provincial Map). The province consists of two distinct geographical entities, the island of Newfoundland and Labrador, which is located on the mainland bordering Quebec. The province has a total area of 405,720 square kilometres, with a coastline of over 17,000 kilometres.
Its largest community is its capital, St John's, which is also the oldest city in North America.
Newfoundland & Labrador's History
The central region of the island of Newfoundland was the home of the Beothuk Indians. The first Europeans to visit Newfoundland were Vikings, who arrived in the late tenth century. In the 1500s Europeans "discovered" the area and began fishing in the Grand Banks south of the island, including the Basques, Portuguese, Spanish, British and French. Colonial warfare lasted through the 1600s and 1700s until the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, which gave British control over Newfoundland and the fishing banks.
In 1832, the people of Newfoundland were granted an elected assembly and its own responsible government in 1855. Following World War II, Newfoundland's status as a British colony was th subject of several referenda until 1948, when Newfoundlanders voted in favour of joining the Canadian confederation. Newfoundland became Canada's newest province on March 31, 1949.
When Newfoundland joined Confederation, the feeral government built the Cabot Strait Causeway, to speed road and transportation to Newfoundland from the mainland, by cutting out one ferry trip. The provincial government also began closing down many small isolated outport villages, that did not have populations sufficient to sustain schools, shops, and healthcre, coentrating populations in larger centres.
The small fishing villages were further affected when the federal government, responding to dwindling cod stocks (following 500 years of sustaining the Newfoundland economy), put a moratorium on the cod fishery on 1992. Fortunately, the povince was able to begin capitalizing on offshore oil & gas discoveries off the Grand Banks, which turned the province from a preennial "have-not" province into a solid "have" province. Newfoundland & Labrador's Economy
Newfoundland & Labrador's People
The province has a population of 551,000, of which 174,000 live in St. John's, the historic commercial centre and capital of the island. Other major centres are Grand Falls, Windsor and Corner Brook.
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Newfoundland Communities and Neighbourhoods
Here are the major cities/regions in the province of Newfoundland. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
NL: St. John^s is the most easterly port and oldest City in North America (over 500 years old)
Here are some featured neighbourhoods in the province of Newfoundland. Explore the neigbhourhoods in & around them that you may want to live in:
NL: St John's between the Grand Concourse Walkways on both sides of Mundy Pond and Mount Pearl to the Sout
NL: The part of St John's between the harbour and CA Pippy Park, roughly between Portugal Cove Rd in the north and Mundy Pond in the south.
NL: Downtown contains St John's oldest buildings, including public buildings, commercial and residential, with over 350 years of history. Schools
NL: This part of St John's is north of downtown and Pippy Park and includes the neighbourhoods of Quidi Vidi, Mount Cashel,